Crested francolin, Dendroperdix sephaena, are also known as the crested partridge or Smith's spotted francolin. This bird is a member of the Phasianidae (pheasants and partidges and other fowl). Crested francolins are fairly common in woodland, wooded savanna, scrublands and thornveld from Ethiopia all the way to the northern regions of southern Africa. These small birds forage for fruits, seeds and insects on the ground. They also nest on the ground, often under a bush. They are monogamous. Their young are precocial, foraging for themselves, although their parents do maintain a vigil for predators.
Crested francolins can be distinguished from other francolin species by the bold white stripe above its eyes, its dark head, and its white throat. When alarmed, their dark crest feathers will stand up, like a mohawk. Probably the most useful distinguishing feature for this species is its habit of cocking its tail to a 45-degree angle above its back as it walks. Kinda like a smaller version of a bantam hen.