The name 'caracal' is composed of two Turkish words: 'kara', meaning black, and 'kulak', meaning ear. The caracal is a medium-sized wild cat native to Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia and India. Typically nocturnal, the caracal is highly secretive and difficult to observe. It is territorial, and lives mainly alone or in pairs. The caracal is a carnivore that typically preys upon small mammals, birds, and rodents. It can leap higher than 4 m and catch birds in midair.
The caracal is typically nocturnal, though some activity may be observed during the day as well. However, the cat is so secretive and difficult to observe that its activity at daytime might easily go unnoticed. Activity typically ceases when temperatures get too high. A solitary cat, the caracal mainly occurs alone or in pairs; the only groups seen are of mothers with their offspring. Like other cats, the caracal meows, growls, hisses, spits, and purrs.
African caracal populations are listed under CITES Appendix II, while Asian populations come under CITES Appendix I. Hunting of caracal is prohibited in Afghanistan, Algeria, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Lebanon, Morocco, Pakistan, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. In Namibia and South Africa, it is considered a "problem animal", and its hunting is allowed for protecting livestock. Caracals occur in a number of protected areas across their range.
The Central Asian caracal population is listed as Critically Endangered in Uzbekistan since 2009, and in Kazakhstan since 2010.
Source : Wikipedia